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Wine

Georgia is considered to be the cradle of wine – a fact, which is confirmed by numerous archaeological, ethnographic, and linguistic materials. Ancient sorts of domestic grapevine that have been discovered during archaeological excavations date back to the 6th-5th millennia BC. According to experts, the progenitor of domestic grapevine Usurvazi grew in the wild on the territory of Georgia. The Latin term for wine, “Vino”, is said to derive from the Georgian word for wine “Ghvino”. The Caucasus has been the very place from which domestic grapevine spread to Europe, first to Italy and then to France, North Africa, and Spain. Since the ancient times Georgia was house to more than 500 sorts of domestic grapevines. Out of them 40 are still widely cultivated, though one can see up to 300 sorts of wine in special collections. Traditional Georgian wine is hardly imaginable without a Kvevri (Georgian: ქვევრი [kʰvɛvri]; also known as churi (ჭური) in Western Georgia) are large earthenware vessels used for the fermentation, storage and ageing of traditional Georgian wine. Resembling large, egg-shaped amphorae without handles, they are either buried below ground or set into the floors of large wine cellars The history of making wine in traditional qvevri vessels has existed at least 8000 years and is till practiced today.